What is osteoporosis? Because it has become today an important disease
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mineral density and a deterioration of the microarchitecture of bone tissue. The bones become fragile and are therefore more exposed to greater risk of minimal trauma fracture. Fractures are the most important clinical event in osteoporosis, because most often affecting the wrist, vertebrae and femur.
In the case of hip fracture hospitalization is necessary and in most cases require surgery with insertion of protesi.I epidemiological data show that only 50% of patients remain self-sufficient after a fracture of the femur and the quality of later life is still compromised. The consequences of vertebral fractures are less dramatic but, especially if two or more fractured vertebrae, they can provide continuous back pain, decreased mobility, kyphosis (forward curvature of the spine), loss of height, difficulty breathing.
The importance of osteoporosis derives from its dissemination: the increase in life expectancy that has characterized the last decades has increased the number of individuals at risk of osteoporosis and hence fracture, and the trend is inexorably rising. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), in 1990 there were approximately 1.7 million hip fractures worldwide, 6.3 million are planned for 2050. These issues require increasing attention from health organizations to identify those at risk and the most appropriate therapy, but it also requires a careful individual participation especially with regard to prevention activities.